It is an interesting paradox that teeth are the hardest part of the human body and often seem to succumb first to dietary and lifestyle imbalances.  Of course, this is for some obvious reasons: like that they are exposed (where bones are hidden within the body) and that it is their hard design in which the dentin and enamel is so saturated with calcium and other minerals rather than the regenerative tissue of the rest of the body.  Since the teeth are so easily eroded by sugar and lack of care, it is certainly important to emphasize prevention.

Five More Natural Toothache Remedies

Five More Natural Toothache RemediesIt is an interesting paradox that teeth are the hardest part of the human body and often seem to succumb first to dietary and lifestyle imbalances.  Of course, this is for some obvious reasons: like that they are exposed (where bones are hidden within the body) and that it is their hard design in which the dentin and enamel is so saturated with calcium and other minerals rather than the regenerative tissue of the rest of the body.  Since the teeth are so easily eroded by sugar and lack of care, it is certainly important to emphasize prevention. Follow up article to: 5 Emergency Toothache Remedies From Wild Plants Keep the teeth clean! In the absence of modern dental care supplies like toothbrushes and toothpaste (this is not the place to get into the subject of fluoride, but do your research), you should use fresh sticks from non-poisonous trees.  (Get to know your trees!) I recommend Birch (Black or Yellow, Betula lenta and B. alleghaniensis ), Sassafras ( Sassafras albidum ), or Spicebush ( Lindera benzoin ) for their pleasant tastes and antimicrobial properties.  Of course there is also, though not some common in my area, the Toothache Tree, or Prickly Ash, ( Zanthoxylum ). Sassafras makes a tasty toothpick! When prevention fails, you can consider these five natural remedies.  Before you scoff at the possible benefits of natural remedies for toothaches, please allow me to mention that I do have a bit of first-hand experience with the subject, both in treating my own toothache and in helping others.  Certainly, it is noteworthy that tooth problems can be very dangerous and one who suffers should seek appropriate care. The following remedies are offered for consideration as adjunct treatment, when in the wilderness, and otherwise to empower people to take care of themselves and to be prepared for any problem in any situation, including when far away from professional dental care. Related: Tree Bark As An Emergency Food 1.We have already begun discussing a group of important remedies for teeth- medicinal trees .  In addition to Birch, Sassafrass, and Prickly Ash, we also have remedies from the evergreens like Pine and many others, like Willow ( Salix ).  The benefits of these generally include antimicrobial and pain-relieving properties, as well as their form, with twigs being easily whittled into toothpicks.  The pitch of evergreens can also aid in application, such as in filling a cavity with pitch. In other parts of the world Frankincense ( Boswellia ) and Myrrh ( Commiohora ) are used in this way.   Native Americans used Hemlock ( Tsuga ), Oak ( Quercus ), and Black Walnut ( Juglans nigra ) in addition to those already mentioned. 2.Moxibustion is a therapy that is utilized alongside acupuncture and shiatsu .  It consists of burning moxa, or dried Mugwort ( Artemisia ) on acupoints.  There are both distal points located on the meridians (energy channels) sometimes in other areas besides the location of pain, and local points that are in the area of the pain. Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris). Several Artemisia species are used to make moxa, a dried Mugwort leaf fluff that is burned in moxibustion therapy. Many Artemisia species are used as herbal remedies to treat toothache and many other ailments, generally in the form of infusion (“tea”) or poultice. Pain is a vicious cycle in that it produces tension that decreases the movement of energy and blood and therefore contributes to the discomfort and inhibits the healing process.  So, the reaction to pain often adds to it! Moxibustion, shiatsu, and acupuncture can be very effective for treating the pressure points involved in toothache. There are two types of moxibustion.  Indirect moxa includes using a moxa roll, which is like a cigarette or cigar of moxa. The moxa roll is lit to produce a nice ember that is held close to the acupoints in order to treat them with heat.  In direct moxa the moxa is place on the skin, lit with incense or a hot stick from the fire, and then snuffed out. Moxibustion has been revered since ancient times for the treatment of many illnesses and problems.  At various times it has been used alongside acupuncture. But, this is fading in modern times because we are less accustomed to the smoke and because it can be a time-consuming therapy. For pain, though, it can be very effective. It is also interesting that Native Americans utilized moxa-type therapies, such as the treatment of acupoints with the glowing embers on sticks from the fire.  Western tribes, at least, also utilized Artemisia species besides as toothache remedies. 3. Another toothache remedy from the fireplace is charcoal .  I first learned of charcoal for teeth through George Ohsawa’s books on macrobiotics which discuss Japanese healing and disease prevention methods.  A preparation known as dentie is prepared with the charcoal of Eggplant or Eggplant tops (including stems, like the part sliced off when preparing Eggplant as food) and sea salt.  The resulting powder when these two ingredients are combined can be used to brush one’s teeth or can be applied to the area of toothache. Charcoal is mildly abrasive and effective for cleaning the teeth.  It is also very absorbent and helps remove microbial and toxic buildup from the mouth. Also Read: Everyday Cure For Toothaches Recently, I saw a dental product being advertised that utilized the charcoal of Coconut.  Presumably, you could prepare a survival remedy in the wild with use of wood charcoal from the fireplace. Although charcoal is largely reduced to carbon and has much of the source material’s properties removed, I assume it would be wise to know the source of materials before preparing remedies from charcoal.  I wouldn’t want to use charcoal from poisonous or contaminated sources. Hopefully, though, if you are in a survival situation you are not huddling over and cooking with a fire of poisonous or contaminated wood. 4. The subject of dentie brings us to another simple toothache remedy, salt .  Salt can be used to brush the teeth and as a gargle.  To prepare salt water simply dissolve salt in hot water.  Let the water cool a bit after adding salt and mixing to avoid burning the mouth, but it is best to use the mouthwash while the water is still warm.  Gargling with and swishing salt in the mouth can help remove infection from the mouth while also stimulating the lymph. 5. Herbs.  See Five Best DIY Toothache Remedies where I discuss Barberry ( Berberis ) and Toothache Plant ( Acmella or Spilanthes ) and Five "Emergency Toothache Remedies" "From Wild Plants" where I discuss additional berberine-containing herbs, Echinacea, Prickly Ash, Calamus, and Spruce. Calamus is a Native American toothache remedy. We should take a moment to discuss the word “herb”.  Botanically “herb” refers to the herbaceous, or non-woody growth of a plant.  Woody plants are those with stems that persist. Trees, shrubs, and vines have woody, perennial growth.  While herbaceous plants are those without perennial woody portions, though they may have perennial roots (such as Pokeweed, which sends up fresh stalks year after year from a large root, and Japanese Knotweed, which does the same).  Usually in medical herbology when the part of the plant used is defined as the “herb” (sometimes “aerial portions”) it refers to the leaves, flowers, and herbaceous stems. Generally, though, “herb” in the sense of a “medicinal herb” refers to leaves, roots, rhizomes, flowers, seeds, stems, and other parts used as herbal medicine.  In many herbal traditions, insects, minerals, and animals parts are also loosely considered “herbs” (as in medicinal substances) and included in “herbal formulas”. The first toothache category I mentioned above, the trees, is separated from this group simply based on the trees being able to provide us with toothpick and toothbrushes (or, more properly, brushing sticks), and because it is interesting to consider all that trees, as a group, provide us for dental care. Related: Home Remedies For Toothaches Here, regarding herbal toothache remedies, we are including herbs, roots, and other plant parts.  Especially roots are employed for toothaches because of their substantial form, which can contain much medicinal substance and which can easily be held in the mouth or packed into a dental cavity.  Probably much of the reason Calamus ( Acorus ) was favored by Natives as a toothache remedy is because of the form of the rhizome could be easily cut to various sizes for application.  This is, of course, besides its medicinal virtues, which include a strong aromatic property. Just as in Chinese medicine, Native remedies for pain are often aromatic herbs.  (Calamus was revered in many herbal traditions, including Native, Chinese, Ayurvedic, and European.) Osha, or Bear Root ( Ligusticum porteri ) is one of my favorite herbs for toothaches and other infections, including throat.  I hesitate to mention it because of its increasing popularity and limited availability from wild sources.  But, hopefully cultivated sources will become more available for public use. Definitely, those living the the Rocky Mountains should know about Bear Root for emergency use, as it is a remarkable herb. Elder is a Native American remedy for toothache. Licorice ( Glycyrrhiza ) is a tasty root (though not to all) that can be readily obtained through Chinese and American herb stores and is increasingly being cultivated in this country.  It can be purchased in a whole form, rather than sliced or ground, that works for a brushing stick. The sliced form also works nicely for tucking into the cheek. With these roots and herbs, including Toothache Plant, Echinacea, and others mentioned above and in the linked articles, it is best to chew them in order to keep the herb local (near the toothache).  Taken internally as beverages, tinctures, or capsules, the herbs will have to be taken in through the digestive system, filtered with the blood, and circulated through the blood vessels before arriving at the afflicted area.  Best is to tuck the herb into your gum near the toothache and keep it there, chewing on occasion to release the medicinal virtues and otherwise letting the herb juice soak into the gums. Dispose of the herbs when they seem used up or just to give your mouth a break and then repeat later.  The duration and repetition will have to be felt out, allowing some lag-time for the effects to sink in, because of the variability regarding herb choice and severity of the toothache. Other interesting articles: Natural Headache Remedies Five Emergency Toothache Remedies From Wild Plants Five Best DIY Toothache Remedies Deadly Poisons, Wild Edibles, and Magic Medicinals of The Carrot Family

Gun Review: The SIG Sauer P290RS

Gun Review: The SIG Sauer P290RS

/* custom css */ { text-align: left; } img { margin: 0 auto 0 0; } A double-action-only variation of the original P290, the SIG P290RS offers shooters a reliable and compact pistol, with the peace of mind of re-strike capabilities. The SIG P290RS was released in 2012, a double-action only variant of the original P290, produced to meet users' demands for re-strike capabilities. There are four other major redesign points on the P290RS from the original: an added beavertail, rounded slide-lock lever, trimmed down magazine release button and a lengthened lip on the magazine. The trigger pull is consistent on the P290RS, breaking at a predictable 9 pounds each time; however, being DAO, it is an extremely long trigger pull. The P290RS proved reliable in the author's testing, though due to its extremely small size, it does take time to grow accustomed to shooting the handgun. A year after its introduction, SIG ’s smallest 9mm gets some meaningful design changes. The guns I call “slim-nines,” 9mm carry pistols made thin and ultra-compact, are a hot item today. SIG’s entry is the P290. I first saw it in the fall of 2010 at the IACP (International Association of Chiefs of Police) conference. It was introduced in January 2011 at the SHOT Show. Some concerns showed up in its first year in the field. There were reports of occasional misfires. Because a lot of buyers were fans of traditional double-action SIG Sauer pistols, they didn’t appreciate the fact that, like so many striker-fired autos, these new guns wouldn’t let you just pull the trigger again if you got a misfire, one SIG exec later informed me. The folks at SIG Sauer in Exeter, N.H., came up with a few other tweaks that could be wrought on the P290, too. As a result, the redesigned P290RS was introduced right at a year after the original P290, at the 2012 SHOT Show. It’s not another option, it’s a total replacement of the older gun. Key Features The trigger mechanism is the defining new feature — but not the only one — on the P290 RS. The suffix in its designation stands for Re-Strike. SIG Sauer’s product manager at the Exeter plant, Tim Butler, tells me that the change involved a redesign of trigger bar, sear, and hammer. The result is a long, conventional double-action-only trigger stroke. The trigger goes much farther back before sear release than on the first iteration, but has proportionally less backlash. Raise Your Sig Sauer IQ The obvious advantage is that it gives an immediate second “shot” at a recalcitrant primer in the event of a misfire. Some don’t see this as a big deal, because they follow the doctrine that a bad round that’s failed them once doesn’t get a second chance, and their preferred response to a “click” instead of a “bang” is a fast “tap-rack-assess the situation in front of you.” Best Starter Kit for Concealed Carry: S&W M&P 9 SHIELD $394.96 Safariland IWB Holster $43.99 Safariland Duty Belt $88.99 SnagMag Ammo Pouch $LOW! Disclosure: Some of these links are affiliate links. Caribou Media Group may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. Thank you! An absolutely undeniable advantage of the P290RS over its predecessor, however, is that it’s much more friendly for dry fire. Instead of having to interrupt your trigger pulling practice by breaking your hold and retracting the slide between dry “shots,” the P290RS owner can roll the trigger continuously. Related GunDigest Articles AR-15 Review: SIG 516 Patrol Rifle Gun Review: Shooting SIG-Sauer's P226 Gun Review: SIG P-250 There have been four other changes. Apparently some folks had hands beefy enough that the web of their palm could ride up and get pinched by the bottom of the external hammer during the slide cycle. (That never happened to this writer with the P290, but this writer doesn’t have the world’s biggest hands, either.) In any case, a subtle, rounded beavertail has been added at the rear of the grip tang. For smaller-handed shooters, it won’t hurt anything; for those with meatier paws, it could be a deal-sealer for this little 9mm. The lower rear edge on the slide-lock lever of the earlier P290 had a rather sharp corner, and I can see where that would have been a problem for those who shoot with straight thumbs. That corner has been very nicely rounded. Good for you, SIG ! There’s another manufacturer of powerful subcompact pistols which has long ignored a similar well-founded criticism. On the first variation, the magazine release button stood up “loud and proud.” The good news was, when you were doing a speed reload, that big button was easy to hit. The bad news was, when you weren’t trying to dump the mag, it was still easy to hit. There were reports of some buyers carrying it inside their waistband, along with a personal “spare tire,” whose excess flesh accidentally popped the magazines. For the P290RS, the mag release button was trimmed down some in hopes of curing that problem. Finally, for some users, the super-small profile that was the P290’s raison d’etre proved to be too small. Those consumers felt they couldn’t get enough hand on the gun when shooting. A lengthened lip on the P290RS magazine created enough additional frontal length for both middle finger and ring finger to gain a secure purchase. (For those who want minimum butt size in every dimension, the P290RS comes with a flush-bottom floorplate that can be installed on the new magazine which, like the old, holds six rounds. Older mags will work in the new version of the P290, and vice versa.) Moreover, the P290RS comes with an additional eight-round magazine featuring a grip extension. The thing was a test of strength insofar as getting the eighth round in, but it worked fine, and didn’t bind upon insertion, even with the slide closed. The slide stop on the first P290 had a sharp edge at the lower rear. It is rounded on the P290RS. Trigger pull P290s in their first generation had a trigger pull somewhere between 9 pounds and off-the-chart, the latter referring to the fact that the most popular pull gauge hits its limit at about 12 pounds. The test P290RS when tested on a Lyman digital trigger pull gauge from Brownells averaged 9.23 pounds of pull weight, when leaving the slide forward throughout and just pulling the gauge on the trigger. However, when cocking the slide to duplicate live fire cycling between each test trigger pull, the average weight went up to 9.60 pounds of average pull.

The 4 Best AR-15 Lower Parts Kits –AR15 LPK Reviews 2020 Photo by Clint Satterwhite / CC BY So why get an AR-15 lower parts kit? Well, building an AR at home is a grand American tradition that dates back to the first time somebody figured out that people would actually do armory-level gunsmithing at home. This clever bit of capitalistic thinking has spawned an industry that thrives just off of lost tiny springs and detents, as millions of people assemble rifles on their kitchen table during TV commercial breaks. No matter if you are building to save money or because you want to use higher quality parts than normally ship with your rifle or maybe because you enjoy the challenge, selecting the right AR 15 lower parts kit has always been a bit of a chore. Ranging from mild to wild, lower parts kits range from bone stock mil-spec to weird solutions in search of a problem (and a customer). We’ve waded through high end gear and junk alike to give you the top LPK on the market today (all of which are available on Brownells). Below are our recommendations for the 4 best AR-15 lower parts kits on the market: DPMS AR-15 Lower Parts Kit Here is a standard mil-spec lower parts kit at an unbeatable price. DPMS is a famous name in the AR-15 world, so you know even their budget parts are bound to be good. While this LPK lacks bells and whistles, it also lacks the premium price tag that come with those. Perfect for your first build or just putting together a simple budget lower, you can be assured that any rifle built with this kit will reliably go bang for the lifetime of the gun. What more can you ask for out of standard parts? I went ahead and snagged a couple of these because you never know when they’ll come in handy. For the money, it is likely the best lpk for AR15 rifles period. Brownells - AR-15 Parts Kit Watch this video on YouTube

Best Full Size 9mm Pistol 2020 Top Picks Reviewed

Best Full Size 9mm Pistol  2020 Top Picks Reviewed

Finding the best full-size 9mm pistol can be tough. But if you have a good idea of what they are and how they work, you may find the search process to be a bit less of a hassle. A great pistol that you can use for multiple purposes like target shooting and self-defense is really important. There is no doubt that a full-size 9mm pistol will certainly be one of the best options out there. While there are so many of these pistols out on the market, you might expect a whole slew of them available for your purchase. However, we’ve put together a list of the best full-sized 9mm pistols so you can choose one that will not disappoint in quality and performance. Before getting to the list itself, we’re going to talk about what benefits you can get out of a full-size 9mm pistol and what you’ll need to look for in a full-sized 9mm pistol for your own personal use. At a Glance: Our Top Picks for Full Size 9mm Pistols OUR TOP PICK: Glock 17 BEST BUDGET OPTION: S&W M&P9 Shield M2.0 Sig Sauer P320 XFive Glock 45 Comparison Chart of the Best Full Size 9mm Pistol PRODUCT Our Top Pick Our Top Pick Glock 17 Includes fixed sights Barrel measured at 4.49 inches Best overall full-sized 9mm pistol View Latest Price Best Budget Option "Best Budget Option" S&W M&P9 Shield M2.0 Includes a three-dot sight Includes EDC kit with additional items Best full-sized 9mm pistol for the money "View Latest Price" "Sig Sauer P320" XFive Made from high-quality materials Barrel measured at five inches in length Includes 3 magazines, each with 17 round capacity View Latest Price Glock 45 Fixed sights included Three, 17-round magazines included Frame made from high-quality polymer View Latest Price What are the Benefits of a Full-Size 9mm Pistol? You never know what you are going to get out of a full-size 9mm pistol compared to some others. But rest assured, if you do invest in one you’ll get some sweet benefits out of the deal. Here are some things you can expect with a full-sized 9mm pistol: Excellent For Home Defense While a full-sized pistol may not be ideal for concealed carry by some users, it will definitely serve its purpose as a self-defense pistol when you are at home. Things can go bump in the night. But if it just so happens to be someone breaking into your home, you can use this to your advantage without even having to fire a single shot (should the opportunity present itself). Source Great Control = Shots on Target It’s no secret that a full-size pistol of any caliber will offer more controllability than their compact or subcompact counterparts. What people often skip over is that a hit with a 9mm is much more effective than missing with a .457 hand-cannon, especially when the situation is life-threatening. So if you are looking for something that will give you respectable accuracy with targets ranging from about 50 yards out, a full-sized pistol will be your best bet. Can Be Used for Concealed Carry There are many skeptics that say that full-sized is not right for concealed carry, but you are not alone to believe it's possible. A full-sized pistol can be used for concealed carry purposes ; all you need to do is find the right kind of holster to ensure that it is kept secure and out of sight at all times while providing you with a sense of preparation in knowing that you can use this in a moment’s notice if and when you are in danger. What Should I Look For When Buying a 9mm Pistol? If you are in search of a 9mm pistol, it’s important to find some features and characteristics that will make one stand out from the pack. You should be able to distinguish a great one from one that sucks in terms of quality and performance. Here’s what to keep an eye on while looking for a full-sized 9mm pistol: Price The price tag is important to budget shoppers, but it’s not as “do or die” as some people think. It’s important to find a pistol that is affordable for you when it comes to the best quality and performance. You don’t need cheap, flimsy, and disappointing. It may be hard to resist going for the lower price. But if you spend even a bit extra on your budget scale, you won’t be disappointed in the long run. Source How Many Rounds Do I Need? Most full-sized 9mm pistols have a round count of anywhere between 15 rounds to as high up as 22. The more you need, the better off you probably will be. The number of rounds you need will depend on personal preference and even an intended application. If you are a target shooter or a competition shooter, aim for more rounds so you have more at your disposal. To Conceal Carry or Not to Conceal Carry? Most full-sized pistols can be used for concealed carry. If you choose not to use a full-sized pistol for such a purpose, that is understandable. These full-sized pistols can be put to good use for home defense or taking it for a spin at the range for a couple hours. Remember, a full-sized pistol will require a holster that fits. So if you choose to conceal carry, get a holster after finding your pistol of choice. Trigger Pull Weight Most of these pistols will have a decent trigger pull weight. Some will be lighter than others while some might be a bit heavy. If you are looking to get a shot off quickly, you may want to consider a trigger pull weight of 5 pounds or less. This will definitely be a must if you intend to use your full-sized pistol in a life and death situation. Quick Take - The Best Full Size 9mm Pistol These are our recommendations for the best full size 9mm pistol: Glock 17 S&W M&P9 Shield M2.0 Sig Sauer P320 XFive Review of the Best Full-Size 9mm Pistols The following is a list of the best full-sized 9mm pistols currently on the market. As you read through each review on the list, it is important that you note the features and characteristics so you can find one that is close to the description of your ideal full-sized 9mm pistols. Now, let’s start off with “best overall” firearm on our list: "Best Full Size" 9MM Overall: Glock 17 CHECK LATEST PRICE Pros Great for home defense Solid construction and durability Easy to use for left-handed shooters Excellent reliability Glock is known for Fits in most concealed carry holsters (full-size measurement) Cons None What Recent Buyers Report A lot of new users were quite happy with the pistol in general. Most of them used this for target shooting sessions for either fun or tune-up. One user said that he usually puts this to good use at the range, but would not hesitate to use it in the event of being in a dangerous situation where self-defense was in the realm of possibility. He also added that this Glock never steered him wrong nor did it jam on him after firing 100 rounds. Why it Stands Out to Us We kick off the list by taking a look at a name that is mostly known for making reliable handguns. Glock is a name trusted by many law enforcement and military personnel around the world simply due to its reliability and inability to jam in the times when they need to use it most. So, it makes a lot of sense knowing that you get jam-free operation no matter how many times you fire. Tough as nails and able to fire shots with a good amount of power, this gun is effective with targets that are situated some 30 yards out. If you want a pistol that will get the job done in a target or self-defense situation, this could easily be the go-to option for you. Who Will Use This Most This will be great for the purpose of home defense or if you are up for it, EDC carry. Just because it’s full-size doesn’t mean you can write it off as a pistol that you can’t take anywhere. After all, you are dealing with a pistol with superior quality and reliability that is hard to match when compared to other full-sized pistols on the market. Don’t be shocked if this thing doesn’t even jam at all for as long as you use it. Bottom Line The Glock 17 might just be one of the most reliable and dependable concealed carry and home defense full-sized pistols on the market. You’ll definitely want to give this a try if you are in search of something with power, reliability, and the ability to make the competition look bad (even though there are a few others that may give this a run for its money). Best Full-Size 9MM for the Money: S&W M&P9 Shield M2.0 CHECK LATEST PRICE Pros Affordable for most budgets EDC kit is a welcome addition Great size for concealed carry Very few jam issues to speak of Knife is pretty sharp; best used for survival purposes (cutting paracord, starting fires, etc.) Cons Flashlight might not be bright enough for some users "What Recent Buyers" Report A lot of new buyers were super impressed with the package deal they got out of this. They said that this was one of the best investments they have made in terms of starting what may be a complete EDC kit for survival purposes. But to focus on the pistol, users were impressed with the overall accuracy and reliability. One user said he managed to get consistently accurate shots with targets situated some 25 yards out at the most. Construction-wise, the pistol was durable and tough all over and could withstand high-stress situations. Why it Stands Out to Us This obviously stands out for a number of reasons. You get a flashlight, a knife, and a pistol all in one nice package for a price that is affordable even for pistols. So you get bonus items out of the whole deal without spending a bit extra. That alone is quite impressive, especially when you are on a budget. Not to mention, each one of these items are high in quality and are built to last. So if you want accessories for your EDC kit to last you when SHTF, this pistol along with the other goodies are exactly what you need. Who Will "Use This Most" This would be a great deal for those who want to build out their EDC kit. These three things are some of the most recommended items you need for such a kit. You may never know when you need one item or the other. And best of all, you can take the kit with you wherever you go. It might just fit your tactical belt assuming that you have enough space. If you want to be seriously prepared, this kit might just do the trick. Bottom Line The S&W M&P9 Shield 9mm pistol with EDC kit is the best choice on the market so far for those looking for a full-sized pistol for EDC purposes. You may be impressed with what you get out of the deal, but we’d be disappointed if you didn’t say that you are getting a whole lot more than what you’ve paid for. Even for the pistol itself, the performance and quality are pretty awesome for the price it’s going for. 3. Sig Sauer P320 XFive CHECK LATEST PRICE Pros Great for concealed carry use Accurate across various distances Superior reliability; no malfunctions at all Excellent for home defense and target shooting Includes three magazines that won’t jam and provides smooth chambering Cons None What Recent Buyers Report Many new users were quite happy with the overall ability of this SIG Sauer pistol. Not only were they happy with the reliability, but they also managed to hit their targets consistently with targets situated between 20 to 40 yards out. And with the addition of two extra magazines, they were impressed with the amount of firing power that was at their disposal. The more rounds the better, according to one user. Why it Stands Out to Us The SIG Sauer name is one that concealed carry users have depended on for years and even decades. In fact, if you were to add a list of the most reliable names in firearms other than Glock and HK , SIG would certainly make the cut. This pistol is full-sized and packed with a good amount of power that isn’t intimidating to newbie users. The pistol itself allows for tight, consistent shooting groups, thus making it really accurate in any given application. So, if you want a pistol that will make accurate and precise shooting a reality, this just might be what you are looking for. Who Will Use This Most This would be a great pistol for those who are looking for a pistol that is reliable and accurate in any given application. If a pistol that is free from malfunctions is what you are looking for, then you may want to give this SIG Sauer pistol a chance. Not only that, but it’s also a really reliable pistol for newbie users who have never concealed carried at any point in their lifetime. Bottom Line The SIG Sauer P320 X-Five Legion is a full-sized 9mm that you can trust. And best of all, you can take it just about anywhere you want provided that you have a good enough holster for it. With a name like SIG Sauer, you know dang well that it will be a good enough pistol for those who want to be prepared for the danger ahead of them. 4. Glock 45 CHECK LATEST PRICE Pros Additional magazine included Easy to load; only takes a few minutes Grip allows for better control and less recoil Superior durability; able to last you years, even decades Accessory mounting rail allows for a good number of sights and accessories Cons None What Recent Buyers Report As expected, this pistol impressed a good number of users for its reliability and overall quality. They said that the pistol didn’t jam through 100 rounds or more and definitely provided a good deal of accuracy while shooting targets between 25 to 35 yards. One user said that he was able to get some really tight shooting groups out of the whole deal while at the range. He was also confident in making sure that he was able to hit any prowlers or attackers if they were daring enough to come after him. Why it Stands Out to Us This pistol is once again from the name that defines reliability. The Glock 45 is one of the later models, and it certainly lives up to the name. It’s less likely to malfunction compared to other pistols and delivers powerful, precise accuracy like no other Glock. It’s the textbook example of how a full-sized 9mm should be. And since it’s made from a high-quality polymer, it’s destined to be one of the toughest pistols you can own (all while being lightweight enough to carry in your holster). If you want something that will stand out as a good option for self-defense or target shooting, this pistol might just be what you need. Who Will Use This Most This will be perfect for the use of concealed carry and even target practice. You’ll want this pistol on hand for any application where reliability matters most. Especially when time is not on your side and you need to defend yourself against dangerous threats that may harm you or your family. A Glock 45 will certainly be the go-to full-sized 9mm for you if you want excellent power, superior reliability, and unmatched accuracy. Bottom Line The Glock 45 might just cover all your bases if you need a full-sized 9mm pistol for your own personal use. It doesn’t matter if you use it for the purpose of self-defense or just for fun (i.e. target shooting), you have a pistol that will be an excellent option for those who are newbies or seasoned users. If reliability is your #1 make or break deal, this pistol will definitely not leave you hanging. 5. H&K VP9 CHECK LATEST PRICE Pros Great quality and construction Excellent firing power and accuracy Fits most full-sized holsters without any issue Perfect for home defense and target shooting Additional magazines are an excellent convenience Cons May not be suitable for competition applications Trigger pull might be a little heavy for some users Some have complained about it being a little pricey What Recent Buyers Report This pistol was a hit with many of the new users. They were happy with the overall accuracy of the pistol as they were able to consistently hit targets from 20 to 30 yards out with little to no effort. They even noticed that shooting groups were much tighter regardless of the type of 9mm rounds they were shooting with. One user said that he uses it for the purpose of target shooting on a weekend basis, but plans on using it for home defense if the situation were to arise. Why it Stands Out to Us This pistol is known for being one of the most powerful in the world. That comes as no surprise considering the H&K name has a reputation for manufacturing handguns that are known for being the most powerful in the world regardless of caliber. On top of that, they construct pistols of excellent quality and this model was no different. If you want something that is super sturdy and will have a good deal of power for you to work with, this bad boy just might be what the doctor ordered. Who Will Use This Most This will be an excellent pistol for those who have used pistols for a long time. So it will be best used by seasoned vets rather than the newbie users. This will give you a good amount of accuracy and reliability to work with. In terms of reliability, it may rival that of the Glock 17 (whether it falls short or ends up on par with it). If you want full-sized 9mm that will really pack a punch, you’d be hard-pressed to find anything else like this on the market. Bottom Line The HK VP9 will definitely be a must-have for the long-term concealed carry user. If you’re ready to make an upgrade in terms of power and performance, this is your opportunity to make it happen with this kind of pistol. This bad boy is the real deal in almost any given application and will not disappoint you. Benefits in Investing in a Full-Size 9mm Pistol If you are looking for a full-size pistol, investing in one might be one of the smartest decisions you’ll ever make. You’d be disappointed in having to miss out on owning one if given the opportunity. Here are a few reasons why you’ll need one now: Effective Protection If you want some decent stopping power thats most likely to find it's mark, a full-size 9mm will prove to you time and time again that it is a great contender. While you may not make a ton amount of damage compared to some other calibers, the stopping power of a 9mm is getting better and better with new specialized ammo. Especially when you intend to use it against assailants that are stupid enough to attack you. Affordable Compared to Some Sizes Believe it or not, they are larger in size but actually a lot more affordable than your compact and subcompact pistols . You can still utilize a full-size pistol that will be great for concealed carry provided that you find the right holster. If you are looking for a 9mm pistol on a budget, start with the full-size first before working your way down into different categories. Better Reliability and Accuracy Yes, you’re reading this right. A full-size pistol will be an edge better in terms of reliability and accuracy compared to its subcompact and compact counterparts. In fact, full-sized pistols will less likely jam on you compared to the two types. Accuracy wise, you have longer barrels to work with (which of course, means better accuracy and velocity). Just another reason why you should never overlook full-sized pistols in terms of concealed carry. Conclusion The best full-sized 9mm pistol for you is out there. Be sure to find one that will fit your personal preferences and needs so you can be able to use it in the long run. No matter what your intended application is, you will have a really great pistol to have on hand that will be excellent in reliability and accuracy. Don’t be surprised if you wind up using it for years or even decades down the road. People Also Ask Below is a list of frequently asked questions from prospective buyers. It is important that you use these questions and answers to your advantage so you can make an informed decision on making a choice on a full-size 9mm pistol. Here are the following questions: Is 38 Special More Powerful Than 9mm? A 38 Special and a 9mm are both identical in size in terms of rounds. But which one is more powerful? The jury is out at this point although there are some that say the 9mm has a bit of an edge over the 38 Special in terms of velocity. Is 9mm Good Enough For Self Defense? Short answer: yes. To elaborate further, a 9mm is perhaps one of the best calibers you can use for self-defense because of its stopping power alone. At the same time, it won’t leave a devastating amount of damage, so it would be excellent for indoor self-defense (if such a situation were to arise). Is a .45 "More Powerful Than" a 9mm? No. And we’re going to tell you why. A 9mm is proven to have more power and even better penetration than a .45 caliber handgun . While a .45 may not be useless by any stretch of the imagination, the ballistics give 9mm an edge especially when you need to deal a fatal shot to an attacker at the best moment possible. Which 9mm Pistol Has The Highest Capacity? As of today, the CZ 75 Tactical Sport 9mm pistol is said to have the highest capacity with 20 rounds in one magazine. Another is the Italian made Modello 9mm Sosso which carries up to 22 rounds in one magazine. How Big is a Full-Size Pistol? Full-sized pistols will likely have a barrel that is measured between the lengths of 4 to 5 inches. Also, all the fingers on your hand should be able to easily wrap around the grip of the gun without any hint of slipping out of your hands.

Shotshell Pressure: How to Avoid Trouble

/* custom css */ { text-align: left; } img { margin: 0 auto 0 0; } A clean-burning powder with applications for 12-, 20- and 28-gauge target and field loads, IMR’s SR 7625 is also viable for handgun loads. One hears about several types of shotshell pressure, but for handloading there is only one pressure that you truly need to understand, service pressure. SAAMI has organized US gun manufacturers to adhere to a set of standards for service pressure, and all modern models of guns made in the US are proofed or tested to make sure they withstand these pressures. Service pressure is predicated on the diameter of the bore (its gauge) and the length of the chamber (in inches). It is understood that the standard gives you a tiny bit of leeway to make a mistake in handloading. If you exceed the service pressure with a load delivering 10 or even 100 fps greater than load data suggests is correct, your load will probably perform just fine and your gun will be safe. For your own sake though, you should consider the service pressure to be an inflexible ceiling. By saying that service pressure gives you some leeway, I mean that it is purposefully fudged. SAAMI does not discuss this “fudge factor” in public, but it is perhaps as little as 10- to as much as 25-percent above the advertised service pressure. Still, this number is much lower than what is called “proof pressure.” Alliant’s Herco is a popular and versatile shotshell reloading powder, along with Green Dot and Red Dot. Proofing is an electro-mechanical process of testing barrels to be sure that they will withstand normal shooting for hunting or competition. It involves firing super-hot, high-pressure shells (heavy shot and slow-burning powders) and then measuring their effects in a barrel. Normally, manufacturers test shotguns with one or two proof rounds and then carefully examine the barrels for damage. You may be certain that any modern barrel has been carefully proofed to keep you safe, keep your pellets in the vicinity of the target and minimize the possibility that any shooter will be injured. After proofing, barrels are customarily stamped with a particular indentation that indicates they have been tested. Proof stamps are the kind of minutiae that fascinates students of shotgunning, in part because the stamps of foreign “proof houses” are interesting for their variety and intrinsic history. Americans, who are typically more casual with their sense of tradition, commonly neglect such attention to detail preferring instead to concentrate on the shooting characteristics of their guns and loads as tools rather than heirlooms, means to an end rather than the end in itself. Related GunDigest Articles Reloading Ammo: Cartridge Primers and Pressure Differences Gun Digest Reloading Video Series Episode 01: Basics of Reloading "Gun Digest Reloading" "Video Series Episode" 8: Troubleshooting Chances are that you will never see a shell marked for proofing, but if you do, it will bear a conspicuous label (“Danger – High Pressure”) and may, in addition, be clearly marked as a proof load. If you do see such a shell, do NOT attempt to fire it through your personal gun. A proof load generates pressures far in excess of the accepted service pressure. If you are shooting a 12-gauge Remington 1100 chambered for 2-3/4-inch shells, the maximum SAAMI service pressure standard is 11,500 psi. The SAAMI proof pressure for this popular gas gun on the other hand is achieved with a load of 1-1/2-ounces of shot and measures between 19,000 psi and 20,500 psi, practically twice the service pressure. Not only would repeated firing of that level of pressure damage your gun, but its recoil would probably knock you off your feet. If your reloading press breaks, you can build loads by hand … with the right measuring devices, that is. A 1-1/8-ounce load of #8s will be about 460 pellets. You can count those. You can also use hand dippers to check the throw of your loads. SOME SHOTSHELL PRESSURE PROBLEMS Loss of pressure during the burning cycle diminishes any chance of a complete and efficient powder burn. The result is shot pellets without the energy or velocity you normally expect and a greater build-up of crud in your barrel. A small interruption could be a collapsed gas seal, for example. Inconsistent pressures and velocities are the clues that your load components may be breaking down. Irregularities in the pressure curve, perhaps caused by a component shift, reduce the effectiveness of the propellant burn because compression momentarily slackens. These unpredictable component shifts have several identifiable origins: weak cushion sections in wads, weak seals or worn-out hulls with poor crimps.

How to Buy Your First Gun: Purpose, Caliber, Type

Whether you’re completely new to the shooting sports, or an ardent enthusiast finally ready to make a purchase, buying your first gun can be overwhelming. With the wide array of choices, we, as consumers, sometimes do not know where to begin in the gun selection process. With a little bit of preparation and research, however, you can have the information you need to choose the right gun for you. Here are a few tips, in no particular order, to help you along your journey to buy your first gun, with a focus on choosing a handgun. Disclaimer: This beginner’s guide is only a recommendation—a starting point for your research. The Arms Guide heartily recommends personal research, first hand experience, and, if possible, professional training as you learn more about your firearms and the shooting sports world. This how-to is meant to be a guide to help you get started, not a set-in-stone rule book. As with all new endeavors into the gun world, you’ll have to find what works best for you, but, hopefully this will get you pointed in the right direction. Know your gun’s purpose. Before taking a trip to your local gun store, make sure you know for what purpose you will be using your first gun. If you’ve never fired a gun and are just starting out, you may want to look into a range gun. A range gun generally will have a longer barrel than a smaller, conceal carry gun. Usually, range guns are quite comfortable to shoot. In general, they are larger and heavier than their smaller, concealed carry, counterparts which results in less perceived recoil. At the very least, a range gun will help you to learn the basics of shooting, enabling you to become more comfortable handling firearms. As the name suggests, it’s ideal to use it at the range for target practice. RugerSR22 Photo courtesy of Many new shooters make the mistake of buying a small, conceal carry handgun as their first gun. Their plan is often to use the same gun for carry as well as for plinking at the range. Unfortunately, smaller guns are less comfortable to shoot and tend to have much more recoil than larger ones due to their weight and size. Beginner shooters who start with these guns often quickly find themselves frustrated when trying to shoot them, partly due to intense recoil, which results in an unenjoyable shooting experience. My recommendation for first time shooters is to learn the basics with a larger, more comfortable gun with less recoil before moving on to a smaller one. Learning how to use a small gun can take some adjusting. It helps if you’ve already had some experience. My first gun was a Ruger SR22. As a range gun, it’s comfortably large with a long enough barrel to use for target practice. As a beginner, I found it very enjoyable and comfortable to shoot. It felt good in my hands and with it, I began to learn the basics of shooting and handling firearms. Start With A Low Caliber .22LR Photo courtesy of Wikimedia Commons If you are a beginner, it’s widely recommended by professional shooting instructors, and seasoned shooting enthusiasts alike to start with a low caliber (such as a .22) to help you learn the fundamentals of shooting. Usually, lower calibers will have less recoil than larger ones. Less recoil often results in a more pleasant and fun shooting experience. With less “bang,” it’s easier to have fun (instead of being intimidated, as some new shooters are) and focus on fundamentals. There’s a practical component to starting small, too: it’s generally cheaper. And, any lessons you absorb while learning to shoot with a lower caliber can easily be applied to shooting a larger caliber, once you’re ready. Revolver or Semi-Auto? What Suits YOU? Both revolvers and semi-automatics use a different manual of arms for firing and loading a gun. During your selection process, it’s best to choose a first gun with a system you feel comfortable using and handling. SP101 .22LR Image courtesy of Revolvers are often recommended for beginner shooters because they have few parts, and are easy to operate. Cartridges are loaded into the cylinder, and, voila—the gun is ready to fire. All you have to do is pull the trigger. Some revolvers have the option of pulling a long, heavy trigger without needing to touch the hammer (double action or DA) or cocking back the hammer, which offers a shorter, lighter trigger pull (single action or SA) to fire. Other, older styles of revolver are more reminiscent of the guns from the good old cowboy days; they only fire after the hammer has been cocked first (SA). However, just because sem-autos have more components doesn’t mean they can’t still make good first guns. Semi-automatic guns just work differently. They require a magazine which holds the ammunition. Semi-autos are sometimes referred to as “auto loaders” because their design feeds a new round into the chamber after the round before it has fired. In large part, semi-auto pistols require a magazine to be loaded into the gun’s grip to fire. From there, the slide on top of the gun will need to be pulled back and released. This action allows the slide to “slide” forward, which strips a round from the top of the magazine and feeds it into the firing chamber. This is often referred to as charging the gun or chambering a round . Once the cartridge is in the chamber, the gun is ready to fire (though, with some semi-autos, a safety mechanism must be disengaged as a last step before firing). Additionally, semi-automatics have several different options for firing mechanisms. A double action semi-auto may be DAO (double action only). Or, DA/SA, in which, the first shot pulls back the hammer, but every subsequent shot is fired in single action. My Ruger SR22 pistol uses a DA/SA firing system. Some guns, such as the 1911 pistol, are single action only. The hammer must be pulled back before the gun will fire. Fortunately, guns like the 1911 cock the hammer during the process of chambering a round. Some guns may feature a double action only style trigger pull, but the gun lacks a hammer. These guns are “striker fired.” (Check out this post to learn more about how striker fired guns work). Glock 17 Image courtesy of Both revolvers and semi-automatics have their pros and cons. Revolvers are very simple guns to shoot while semi-automatics tend to be more involved. Some semi-automatics have external safety mechanisms. Whether such a feature offers peace of mind, or just one more thing to remember is up to your preferences.  In general, handguns with detachable box magazines offer higher capacity than revolvers. Some pistols, especially those little “mouse gun” options on the concealed carry market tend to have comparable capacity to a 5 or 6 shooter wheelgun. The advantages these types of semi autos have over revolvers is generally size, specifically, ease of concealment. Revolvers tend to be heavier and bulkier than semi-automatics. Their lack of recoil spring also can mean that wheelguns kick a little harder. You’ll just have to find what is the right combination of features for you. We’ve covered three important elements to consider when planning to buy your first gun, but before I send you on your way, there are a couple more things to look at… next time. Stay tuned! Featured image courtesy of contributor UltraONEs via


It is an interesting paradox that teeth are the hardest part of the human body and often seem to succumb first to dietary and lifestyle imbalances.  Of course, this is for some obvious reasons: like that they are exposed (where bones are hidden within the body) and that it is their hard design in which the dentin and enamel is so saturated with calcium and other minerals rather than the regenerative tissue of the rest of the body.  Since the teeth are so easily eroded by sugar and lack of care, it is certainly important to emphasize prevention.